Know the Laws: North Carolina
UPDATED August 17, 2016
A civil no-contact order for victims of registered sex offenders (“50D order”), provides life-long protection from an abuser who was convicted of a crime that requires registration on the sex offender registry.
A civil no-contact order for victims of registered sex offenders (also known as a “50D order”), is a life-long court order that aims to protect you from an abuser who was convicted of a crime that requires registration on the sex offender registry.*
* NCGS § 50D-1
If you are the victim of a sex offense (or certain other non-sexual offenses) that occurred in North Carolina or if you are the victim of a substantially similar crime in another state, you may be eligible for a 50D civil no-contact order if:
You may also be able to file on behalf of a minor child or an incompetent adult who is a victim of registerable sex offense.**
* NCGS §§ 50D-2(a)(1); 14-208.6(4)(b)
** NCGS § 50D-2(a)(2),(3)
Most of the crimes that require registration are sexually violent crimes, including forcible rape of an adult or child, statutory rape, sexual battery, and sexual exploitation of a minor. Other crimes are sexual in nature, but not necessarily violent, such as felony peeping. Certain non-sexual offenses against a minor also require registration, including kidnapping, felonious restraint and abducting a child (if the offender is not the minor’s parent).* You can read more about which crimes require registration by reading the language of the law NCGS § 14-208.6 on our NC Statutes page or by looking at the chart created by the University of North Carolina School of Government.
Note: You may also be eligible for a 50D order if the abuser was convicted in another state or in federal court of an offense that is significantly similar to the registerable offenses in North Carolina or if the offense requires registration in the state where the abuser was convicted.**
* NCGS § 14-208.6(4)(a),(5)
** NCGS § 14-208.6(4)(b),(c)
The order is permanent and can last forever.*
* NCGS § 50D-1
If the judge finds the following is true, s/he can issue a civil no-contact order:
* NCGS § 50D-5(a)
A civil no-contact order can order that the abuser not:
* NCGS § 50D-5(b)
All three orders, 50D, 50C and 50B, can protect victims of sexual assault. However, 50D no-contact orders are permanent, whereas 50C and 50B orders must be renewed in person each time the order expires.* Additionally, another important difference is that victims of sexual assault are only eligible for a 50D civil no-contact order if the offender was convicted and the offense requires registration on the sex-offender registry.** You can read more about 50C orders on our Civil No-Contact Order ("50C orders") page and 50B orders on our Domestic Violence Protective Orders ("50B orders") page.
* NCGS §§ 50D-1(1);50C-8(c);50B-3(b)
** NCGS § 50D-5