Know the Laws: Illinois
UPDATED October 23, 2012
An order of protection is a civil order that provides protection from someone who is harming you.
These are some things you may want to consider after you have been granted an order of protection. Depending on what you think is safest in your situation, you may do any or all of the following:
If you are not granted an order of protection, there are still some things you can do to try to stay safe. It might be a good idea to contact one of the domestic violence resource centers in your area to get help, support, and advice on how to stay safe. They can help you come up with a safety plan and help connect you with the resources you need. You will find a list of resources on our IL State and Local Programs page. You will also find information on safety planning on our Staying Safe page.
You may also be able to reapply for an order of protection if a new incident of domestic violence occurs after you are denied the order.
If you believe the judge made an error of law, you can talk to someone at a domestic violence organization or a lawyer about the possibility of an appeal. Generally, appeals can be complicated and you will most likely need the help of a lawyer. Go to our Filing Appeals page for general information on appeals.
You can call the police or sheriff, even if you think it is a minor violation. The Illinois Domestic Violence Act requires that police take all reasonable steps to prevent further abuse to you, including possibly arresting the abuser.* The police need not witness the actual abuse, as long as there is “probable cause” (good reason) to believe that a crime happened.** It is a good idea to write down the name of the responding officer(s) and their badge numbers in case you want to follow up on your case. Make sure a police report is filled out, even if no arrest is made.
When the police arrive, show them a copy of the order of protection. If you don't have a copy, they can verify its existence by telephone or radio with local law enforcement. Once they verify the order and that it has been served, they may arrest the abuser.*** If the order has not been served, they may serve the abuser, if the abuser is present.
If the police do not arrest the abuser or file a criminal complaint, you may still have the right to file for civil contempt for a violation of the order. It can be a crime and contempt of court if the abuser knowingly violates the order in any way. If the abuser is a minor, the court may hold the parents, guardian, or legal custodian of the minor in civil or criminal contempt for the violation if they directed, encouraged, or assisted the minor in violating the order.**** A judge can punish someone for being in contempt of court. To file for civil contempt, go to the clerk's office in the courthouse where the order was originally filed, and ask for the necessary forms.
* 750 ILCS 60/304(a)(1)
** 750 ILCS 60/301(a)
*** 750 ILCS 60/301(b)
**** 750 ILCS 60/223(b-2)
Changing your order
To try to change (modify) your order, you will have to go back to the court where the order was issued and file a petition to modify the order with the clerk of court.
You can file to modify an emergency, interim, or plenary order of protection. If the respondent has abused you since the hearing for your order, you can add or change one or more of the terms (protections) in the order.* However, even without further abuse, you can file to modify the order to add protections in certain circumstances.** Note: To read about under what circumstances an order can be modified without further abuse, go to our IL Statutes page and read subsection(b) of section 60/224.
Either you or the respondent can also file to modify custody, visitation, and/or support payments that were included in the order of protection.***
Extending your order
Any emergency, interim or plenary order may be extended one or more times, as necessary.**** If you want to extend your order of protection, you must apply for an extension (a motion to modify the order) before your original order expires. In your motion/affidavit, you would state the reason for the requested extension and you will verify that there has been no material (important) change in relevant circumstances since the order was issued. If the abuser does not contest (fight) your motion for an extension and you are not asking to change the order, the order can be extended based on your motion.****
* 750 ILCS 60/224(a)(1)
** 750 ILCS 60/224(a)(2)
*** 750 ILCS 60/224(b)
**** 750 ILCS 60/220(e)
Your order is good throughout IL and the United States. If you do move within the state, it might be a good idea to call the clerk to change your address but be sure to tell the clerk that you need it to be kept confidential if the abuser does not know where you are living.
Additionally, the federal law provides what is called "full faith and credit," which means that once you have a criminal or civil protection order, it follows you wherever you go, including U.S. Territories and tribal lands.* Different states have different rules for enforcing out-of-state protection orders. You can find out about your state’s policies by contacting a domestic violence program, the clerk of courts, or the prosecutor in your area.
If you are moving to a new state, you may want to contact a lawyer in that new state who can give you information about how that state treats out-of state orders. For information on lawyers in the area, please see our Finding a Lawyer page and select the new state to which you will be moving. You may also want to call the National Center on Protection Orders and Full Faith and Credit (1-800-903-0111 x 2) for information on enforcing your order out of state.
Note: For information on enforcing a military protective order (MPO) off the military installation, or enforcing a civil protection order (CPO) on a military installation, please see our Military Protective Orders page.
* U.S.C.A. Const. Art. IV § 1