Legal Statutes: North Carolina
UPDATED October 19, 2012
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- North Carolina General Statutes (select sections)
- Chapter 1. Civil Procedure
- Chapter 1A. Rules of Civil Procedure
- Article 2. Commencement of Action; Service of Process, Pleadings, Motions, and Orders
- Chapter 5A. Contempt
- Article 1. Criminal Contempt
- Chapter 7B. Juvenile Code
- Subchapter IV. Parental Authority; Emancipation
- Chapter 14. Criminal Law
- Subchapter III. Offenses Against the Person
- Article 7A. Rape and Other Sex Offenses
- Article 8. Assaults
- Article 10 - Kidnapping and Abduction
- Article 10A. Human Trafficking
- Subchapter IV. Offenses Against the Habitation and Other Buildings
- Article 14. Burglary and Other Housebreakings.
- Subchapter VI. Criminal Trespass
- Article 22B. First and Second Degree Trespass
- Article 23. Trespasses to Personal Property
- Subchapter VII. Offenses Against Public Morality and Decency
- Article 26. Offenses Against Public Morality and Decency
- Subchapter IX. Offenses Against the Public Peace
- Article 35. Offenses Against the Public Peace
- Subchapter XI. General Police Regulations
- Article 39. Protection of Minors
- Article 40. Protection of the Family
- Article 53B. Firearm Regulation
- Chapter 42. Landlord and Tenant
- Article 5. Residential Rental Agreements
- Chapter 50. Divorce and Alimony
- Article 1. Divorce, Alimony, and Child Support, Generally
- Chapter 50A Uniform Child-Custody Jurisdiction and Enforcement Act
- Article 2. Uniform Child-Custody Jurisdiction and Enforcement Act
- Chapter 50B. Domestic Violence
- Chapter 50C. Civil No-Contact Orders
- Chapter 52C. Uniform Interstate Family Support Act
- Article 3. Civil Provisions of General Application
- Article 5. Enforcement of Order of Another State Without Registration
- Article 6. Enforcement and Modification of Support Order After Registration
- Part 1. Registration and Enforcement of Support Order
- Part 3. Registration and Modification of Child Support Order
- Chapter 110. Child Welfare
Article 2. Uniform Child-Custody Jurisdiction and Enforcement Act
In this Article:
(1) “Abandoned” means left without provision for reasonable and necessary care or supervision.
(2) “Child” means an individual who has not attained 18 years of age.
(3) “Child-custody determination” means a judgment, decree, or other order of a court providing for the legal custody, physical custody, or visitation with respect to a child. The term includes a permanent, temporary, initial, and modification order. The term does not include an order relating to child support or other monetary obligation of an individual.
(4) “Child-custody proceeding” means a proceeding in which legal custody, physical custody, or visitation with respect to a child is an issue. The term includes a proceeding for divorce, separation, neglect, abuse, dependency, guardianship, paternity, termination of parental rights, and protection from domestic violence in which the issue may appear. The term does not include a proceeding involving juvenile delinquency, contractual emancipation, or enforcement under Part 3 of this Article.
(5) “Commencement” means the filing of the first pleading in a proceeding.
(6) “Court” means an entity authorized under the law of a state to establish, enforce, or modify a child-custody determination.
(7) “Home state” means the state in which a child lived with a parent or a person acting as a parent for at least six consecutive months immediately before the commencement of a child-custody proceeding. In the case of a child less than six months of age, the term means the state in which the child lived from birth with any of the persons mentioned. A period of temporary absence of any of the mentioned persons is part of the period.
(8) “Initial determination” means the first child-custody determination concerning a particular child.
(9) “Issuing court” means the court that makes a child-custody determination for which enforcement is sought under this Article.
(10) “Issuing state” means the state in which a child-custody determination is made.
(11) “Modification” means a child-custody determination that changes, replaces, supersedes, or is otherwise made after a previous determination concerning the same child, whether or not it is made by the court that made the previous determination.
(12) “Person” means an individual, corporation, business trust, estate, trust, partnership, limited liability company, association, joint venture, government; governmental subdivision, agency, or instrumentality; public corporation; or any other legal or commercial entity.
(13) “Person acting as a parent” means a person, other than a parent, who:
a. Has physical custody of the child or has had physical custody for a period of six consecutive months, including any temporary absence, within one year immediately before the commencement of a child-custody proceeding; and
b. Has been awarded legal custody by a court or claims a right to legal custody under the law of this State.
(14) “Physical custody” means the physical care and supervision of a child.
(15) “State” means a state of the United States, the District of Columbia, Puerto Rico, the United States Virgin Islands, or any territory or insular possession subject to the jurisdiction of the United States.
(16) “Tribe” means an Indian tribe or band, or Alaskan Native village, which is recognized by federal law or formally acknowledged by a state.
(17) “Warrant” means an order issued by a court authorizing law enforcement officers to take physical custody of a child.
S.L. 1999-223, § 3, eff. Oct. 1, 1999.